• Polynucleotides are long chains of nucleotides, which are the building blocks of DNA and RNA. They are naturally occurring substances that are found in all living cells. In the skin, polynucleotides play a role in skin renewal by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin. Polynucleotides can help to reverse this process by stimulating the production of these proteins. They can also help to improve the skin’s texture, hydration, and overall appearance
• Exosomes are tiny extracellular vesicles that are released by cells. They contain a variety of molecules, including proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Exosomes play a role in cell-to-cell communication, and they have been shown to have a number of beneficial effects on skin health. In the skin, exosomes can help to promote skin renewal by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin. They can also help to reduce inflammation and improve the skin’s barrier function. Exosomes have also been shown to have antioxidant and anti-aging effects.
• Biomimetic peptides are synthetic peptides that are designed to mimic the effects of naturally occurring peptides in the skin. They can be used to promote skin renewal by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin, reducing inflammation, and improving the skin’s barrier function. The skin’s barrier function is important for protecting the skin from damage. Biomimetic peptides can help to improve the skin’s barrier function by making the skin more resistant to water loss and harmful substances. This can help to keep the skin healthy and prevent the development of skin problems.